O Ildo(吳一島) (1901∼1946)

O Ildo(吳一島) (1901∼1946)

  • Definition:Poet, Scholar, Patriot
  • Childhood Name and Courtesy Name:Autonym Huibyeong, pseudonym Ildo
  • Born-Died:1901-1946 the second son of O Ikhyu, the 10th generation of O Sijun, governor of Chilwon
  • Achievement:First published "Siwon", the Collection of Poems by O Ildo, Jeonyeongnol, an essay Collection,
  • Prizes and Decorations :
    吾家大路邊 My house is near the street.
    朝暮車連綿 Day and night, there are wagons in a row
    送送淚何盡 How would tears stop, sending them?
    歸期問杳然 Asked when to come, but there is no answer.
    (From Songjingyongcha(送徵用車))

O Ildo studied private classes ran by a local official until age 14 and married Jo Pilhyeon from Hanyang clan at age 15 in 1915. In 1918, he graduated Yeongyang primary school and entered Gyeongseong Jeil High School in 1918 but did not finish the school.

In 1922 he went to Tokyo, Japan and, after studying at private classes, entered Rikkyo University to study philosophy. He graduated in 1929 and went back to Korea. He taught at Geunhwa school, which later became Deokseong middle and high school, without getting paid for a year and then published the first issue of Siwon, which was dedicated to poetry, with the money he borrowed from his oldest brother, Huitae in February, 1935. After the December 1935 issue, which was the fifth one, it was no longer published.

At that time, he was close with Lee Heongu and Kim Gwangseop. Even though he stopped publishing Siwon, he published Eulhaemyeongsijeon(1936) and Serimsijip(1938), which is a posthumous collection of poems of Jo Dongjin, the brother of Jo Jihun.

He started his literary career when he first introduced his poem, (Hangarambaeksajangeseo(At the Hangaram sandbeach)) in the fourth issue of (Joseonmundan) in 1925. He also released (Nobyeonui aega(An Elegy by the fire), (Nuniyeo! eoseonaeryeodao), (Changeul namjjogeuro), (Nureun podoip), (Byeokseo), (Nae yeoniniyeo!(My Love!)) in Siwon. He also wrote several Chinese poems and translated chinese poems but did not have his own collection of poems.

His works express sorrow and exclamation based on romanticism. Therefore, in his poems, reason does not suppress emotion. He tried to express emotions as freely as possible and it made his works dark and depressing.